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The Hill District

Dubbed “the crossroads of the world” by Harlem Renaissance poet Claude McKay during its heyday in the 1930s through 1950s, the Hill District boasts a strong African-American cultural heritage.

The list of jazz greats who’ve played in The Hill is long and storied and includes everyone from Ella Fitzgerald and Cab Calloway to Count Basie and Duke Ellington. August Wilson set nine of the 10 plays in his Pittsburgh Cycle here. And Willie Stargell set up a fried chicken store here from the 1960s to the 1980s that rewarded patrons with free chicken whenever the Pirates Hall of Famer hit a home run.

Bordered by Downtown Pittsburgh to the west, the Strip District and Polish Hill to the north, the Bluff (Uptown) to the southwest and Oakland to the east and southeast, the Hill District’s undergone some recent big-ticket revitalization efforts. There’s a new $9 million YMCA with rooftop garden. A pharmacy run by neighboring Duquesne University. And a planned restoration of the New Granada Theater, a historic jazz club with an art-deco façade. Since 2010, The Hill is also home to the Consol Energy Center, where the Pittsburgh Penguins play.

But economic and social progress has been an uphill battle here since the urban renewal of the 1960s, when the Civic Arena was built in the Lower Hill. That project separated the rest of The Hill from Downtown and displaced 8,000 residents and 412 businesses. Until 2013, The Hill’s 17,000 residents went 30 years without a local grocery store.

Still, private homeowners are invested in the community, college students are taking advantage of its central location and low rents, and former residents are moving back from the suburbs. Residents of The Hill’s five distinct neighborhoods – Crawford-Roberts, Upper Hill, Middle Hill, Bedford Dwellings and Terrace Village – walk, drive or ride the bus to work Downtown, the Strip District and Oakland.

In addition to its rich history, the Hill District is a place of beauty. From a vantage point at the Herron Hill reservoir – which marks one of Allegheny County’s highest altitudes – pedestrians can glimpse stunning views of Downtown, Lawrenceville, Bloomfield and other Pittsburgh neighborhoods for miles.

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